TIPS

Diet tips

  • Buy fresh food more often. Sodium (a part of salt) is added to many packaged foods.
  • Use spices, herbs, and sodium-free seasonings in place of salt.
  • Check the Nutrition Facts label on food packages for sodium.
  • A Daily Value of 20% or more means the food is high in sodium.
  • Rinse canned vegetables, beans, meats, and fish with water before eating.
  • Limit processed foods such as frozen dinners and packaged meals/canned fish and meats/pickled foods/salted snacks/sauces/most cheeses/fast foods.
  • Avoid Over the Counter medications that contain sodium carbonate or bicarbonate. Read labels Carefully.
  • Eat small portions of protein foods.
  • Protein is found in foods from plants like beans, nuts, grains and animals like chicken, fish, meat, eggs, dairy.
  • Grill, broil, bake, roast, or stir-fry foods, instead of deep frying.
  • Cook in a nonstick pan with a small amount of cooking oil.
  • Trim fat from meat and remove skin from poultry before eating.
  • Heart heathy foods include lean cuts of meat, poultry without the skin, fish, beans, vegetables, fruits, low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese.
  • Many packaged foods have added phosphorus. Look for amount of phosphorus on the labels.
  • Processed meats and some fresh meat and poultry can have added phosphorus.
  • Boiling should be the preferred cooking procedure, because it induces food demineralization, including phosphate loss.
  • Foods lower in phosphorus are fresh fruits and vegetables, bread, pasta, rice, corn and rice cereals.
  • Foods higher in phosphorus are beef, chicken liver, organ meats, oatmeal, dairy products, beans, peas, lentils, nuts, seeds, dark colas, chocolate drinks, cocoa, beer
  • Salt substitutes can be very high in potassium. Read the ingredient label to help pick the right food.
  • Drain canned fruits and vegetables before eating.
  • Foods lower in potassium are apples, peaches, carrots, green beans, bread, pasta, white rice, wheat cereals.
  • Foods higher in potassium are Oranges, bananas, potatoes, tomatoes, brown rice, dairy products, whole wheat bread and pasta, beans and nuts.